Carolina Bays - thousands of impact sites ? Apr 22, 2022 8:37:39 GMT -5
Post by jamesp on Apr 22, 2022 8:37:39 GMT -5
Assumptions & Hypthesis.....to include Theory.........
"Difference between Hypothesis and Assumption
Key Difference: A hypothesis is an uncertain supposition or explanation regarding a phenomenon or event. It is considered to be true by the researcher. An assumption is also a kind of belief which is considered to be true. A hypothesis must always go through the process of verification and investigation. On the other hand, an assumption may or may not be verified or investigated. In research, assumption denotes the existence of the relationship between the variables. A hypothesis establishes the relationship determined by an assumption.
A hypothesis is an uncertain supposition or explanation regarding a phenomenon or event. It is believed to be true by the researcher. It can always be tested by experimentation after the formulation. One acquires all possible evidence to proceed further and the investigation is carried out to test the hypothesis. Initially, it is either accepted or assumed.
According to Tuckman, these three criteria should be kept in mind before stating a hypothesis –
A good hypothesis statement should...........
conjecture the direction of the relationship between two or more variables,
be stated clearly and unambiguously in the form of a declarative sentence, and
be testable; that is, it should allow restatement in an operational form that can then be evaluated based on data
Generally, an assumption refers to a belief. An assumption does not require any evidence to support it. It is commonly based on feelings or a hunch. In the following example, the usage of the term 'assumption' is depicted
'My assumption is that tomorrow Mary will bring snacks for all'.
Assumption and hypothesis often create confusion as both are widely used in the field of research. An assumption is about taking things for granted, without having any firm explanation behind it. On the other hand, hypothesis is a type of assumption for a certain purpose of argument. However, both are not already proved. An assumption is always assumed to be true. On the other hand, a hypothesis is regarding statements that need certain investigation. In research, assumptions are formulated and on the basis of the assumptions certain hypothesis statements are declared. Thus, a hypothesis can also be considered as an assumption that is taken to be true unless proven otherwise."
"Theory vs. Hypothesis: What’s the Difference?
A hypothesis proposes a tentative explanation or prediction. A scientist bases their hypothesis on a specific observed event, making an educated guess as to how or why that event occurs. Their hypothesis may be proven true or false by testing and experimentation. A theory, on the other hand, is a substantiated explanation for an occurrence. Theories rely on tested and verified data, and scientists widely accepted theories to be true, though not unimpeachable."
Seems assumptions and hypothesis abound the subject(s) matter due to the lack of cognitive and duplicatable scientific analysis required to truly apply a theory........at least at the scale the historical events (evidence) have provided......and since it appears, by the references provided by both horses in this race, that mother nature seldom duplicates the exact conditions required to replicate the same result(s) as argued.......making even theory difficult to support by more than a handful of a few acknowledged experts who eat and sleep this stuff for a living.......?
Sometimes, great minds will and can debate a particular assumption(s) to a stand still and agree to accept an "agree to disagree" platform........such has not been the case here........The poor dead horse's spirit can not find peace....."there is no peace where conflict is more relevant and prevalent than compromise".....so saith the scribes.
Thank you Joe.
I'd classify this debate as a classic www.thoughtco.com/reductio-ad-absurdum-argument-1691903.
The only problem James has is 500,000 perfectly aligned and shaped classic ejecta impact patterns smiling at him.
A great geologic analogy would be - where did the 500,000 apache tears of varying diameters at varying distances all within a 5 mile radius around the only volcanic shaft within 50 miles come from ? 500,000 samples will answer the question with an extremely high level of probability. Who gives a damn about each apache tear's geological formation and yes each one made an impact crater except those landing on hard ground. In the case of the bays the projectiles melted and disappeared and move forward.